Preservation and Inheritance of Naxi Village Culture Under Tourism Development – A Case Study of Yuhu Village in Yu Long County

Preservation and Inheritance of Naxi Village Culture Under Tourism Development – A Case Study of Yuhu Village in Yu Long County

Hongyuan He, Shaoying He

This article focuses on the protection and inheritance of Naxi village culture during the tourism development process. There is a close relationship between the protection and inheritance of traditional ethnic culture and the development of tourism and other industries in ethnic areas. Both sides can benefit from each other by rightly handling their relationship. The effects of tourism on socio-culture have long been discussed by anthropologists and ethnologists since 1960s. People have become increasingly realized that tourism, positively or negatively, is bringing the local people some changes in the aspects of economy, society and culture.

The traditional culture area of Naxi ethnic group in Yuhu village, Baisha Township, known as one of the first batch of non-material culture heritages in Yunnan province, has its vitality actually exit in its local people, where the spirits and emotion integrated. Naxi village culture is just like a flower blossoming gradually, attracting attention from innumerable persons. However, the conservation and inheritance of it is fragile.

This article chooses Yuhu village as the site of fieldwork, investigates and analyzes the current state of Naxi ethnic village culture in the process of tourism development, and explores the solution to culture protection by the theory of culture conflict and cultural change. The full text altogether is divided into five parts:

Ⅰ. Introduction

This part mainly introduces the geographical conditions, the natural environment and the social situations in Yuhu village, which provide rich resources for the development of tourism in Yuhu village.

Ⅱ. The process of tourism development and the condition of economic development in Yuhu village.

Ⅲ. The effect of tourism development on Naxi ethnic village culture in Yuhu village. < NT>

This part, by investigating, will describe the tourism development and the current condition of village culture change.

Ⅳ.  Tourism development is combined with the conservation and inheritance of village culture in Yuhu village.

This part will point out that tourism has both positive and negative effects. Tourism has brought cultural conflict and change to some extent. A new cultural ecology can be formed only by organically fusing tourism development and the protection and inheritance of village culture.

Ⅴ. Conclusion .As an American scholar, Fox, puts it, tourism is a fire, so not only it could help you cook your food but also burn down your house AN>. According to the investigation of what has been mentioned above, the author come to the conclusion that in the process of modernizatio every one in every village is inevitably involved in and they also cause the conflict changes of culture. Tourism offers Naxi village an opportunity to gain economic interests. What’s more, it makes the value of ethnic culture rise. However, inevitably, the tourism also causes the edging of culture under the pressure of strong culture. The villagers are in a dilemma. The way of getting out of the dilemma is to protect and inherit the culture through active conscious culture behavior and to set up a new ecological system of village culture on the basis of actively absorbing and combining the modern culture.

[1][⑩] Shaoting Yin . Ecological Village of Ethnic Culture: Report of Tria in Yunnan, Yunnan Nationality Press,2002

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