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IC59 from SPA-3-CCD Takahashi FSQ-106EDX4, IC Astronomy Observatory, Spain

Telescopelive: https://telescope.live/gallery/ic59-widefield-spa-3-ccd

Astrometry: https://nova.astrometry.net/user_images/7536891#annotated


IC59 stars spikes by ProdigitalSOFTWARE &GT, Starspikes Pro
IC59 Starless integration by Starnet2, PixInSight

IC59 within SH2-185, Cassiopea.

Stunning SHO narrowband data from Spain Takahashi FSQ-106EDX4.

Final integration of starless (Starnet2) nebula color background plus stars from Ha integration as luminance.

Postproduction by PixInSight and Photoshop.

M33 Triangulum Galaxy

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M33 Triangulum Galaxy, LRGB 60″ subframes



NGC2359 Thor’s Helmet, SHO Palette – Telescopelive

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NGC2359 Thor’s Helmet in SHO Palette. RAW .fits calibrated file from Telescopelive



TelescopeLive: https://telescope.live/gallery/ngc2359-thors-helmet-4

Annotation by PixInSight

NGC 1365 Great Barred Spiral Galaxy

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NGC 1365 Great Barred Spiral Galaxy on Planewave CDK24, El Sauce Observatory, Chile

Astrobin: https://www.astrobin.com/n61k17/

Astrometry: https://nova.astrometry.net/user_images/7470441#annotated

Telescopelive: https://telescope.live/gallery/ngc1365-5

NGC 1365 Great Barred Spiral Galaxy


Link al TIFF/FITShttps://www.dropbox.com/s/lomf3scyuzq967j/LRGB_lfG_DBEspccDECONVezdenoise.xisf?dl=0

Scarica il file originale Scarica


Telescopi O Obiettivi Di Acquisizione: Planewave CDK24

Camere Di Acquisizione: FLI PL9000

Montature: Mathis Instruments MI-1000/1250

Filtri: Astrodon Gen2 E-Series Tru-Balance Blue 50×50 mm · Astrodon Gen2 E-Series Tru-Balance Green 50×50 mm · Astrodon Gen2 E-Series Tru-Balance Lum 50×50 mm · Astrodon Gen2 E-Series Tru-Balance Red 50×50 mm

Software: Adobe Photoshop · Pleiades Astrophoto PixInsight

 Dettagli d’acquisizione

Date:29 Gennaio 2021 ·  28 Gennaio 2022 ·  29 Gennaio 2022 ·  01 Febbraio 2022Pose:

Astrodon Gen2 E-Series Tru-Balance Blue 50×50 mm: 8×600″(1h 20′) -25°C bin 1×1
Astrodon Gen2 E-Series Tru-Balance Green 50×50 mm: 8×600″(1h 20′) -25°C bin 1×1
Astrodon Gen2 E-Series Tru-Balance Lum 50×50 mm: 8×600″(1h 20′) -25°C bin 1×1
Astrodon Gen2 E-Series Tru-Balance Red 50×50 mm: 8×600″(1h 20′) -25°C bin 1×1

Integrazione: 5h 20′

Giorno lunare medio: 16.88 giorni

Fase lunare media: 32.18%

Scala del Cielo Scuro Bortle: 1.00

Centro AR: 03h33m23s.864

Centro DEC: -36°0455.95

Campionamento: 0,620 arcsec/pixel

Orientazione: -1,195 gradi

Raggio del campo: 0,372 gradi

Trasformazione WCS: thin plate spline


 Trova immagini nella stessa area 

Risoluzione: 3056×3056

Dimenzione file: 53,5 MB

Luoghi: El Sauce Observatory, Chile, Coquimbo, Cile

Origine dei dati: Osservatorio remoto di proprietà

Origine dei dati remoti: Telescope Live


After James Webb Space Telescope MIRI and NIRCAM data, I focused about NGC 1365 Great Barred Spiral Galaxy, and found good calibrated data from Telescopelive archive to be downloaded and elaborated.
Telescope:  Planewave CDK24 610/3962mm (CH-1-CCD)
Camera: Proline FLI PL 9000
Location: El Sauce Observatory, Chile
600″ x LRGB subframes, taken between 28/01/2022 and 01/02/2022

NGC 1365 LRGB, annotated
NGC1365 RGB integration
White Balance values and data after PixInSight > Spectrophotometric Color Calibration

NGC1365, approaching to JWST MIRI data

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NGC 1365 JWST MIRI mosaic, filters f770W, f1000W, f1130W and f2100W

According to James Webb Space Telescope official documentation (cfr. https://jwst-docs.stsci.edu/jwst-mid-infrared-instrument) the JWST Mid-Infrared Instrument (MIRI) provides imaging and spectroscopic observing modes from 4.9 to 27.9 μm. These wavelengths can be utilized for studies including, but not limited to: direct imaging of young warm exoplanets and spectroscopy of their atmospheres; identification and characterization of the first galaxies at redshifts z > 7; and analysis of warm dust and molecular gas in young stars and proto-planetary disks.

MIRI imaging filter curves and wavelenght are resumed below

MIRI imaging filter curves – https://jwst-docs.stsci.edu/jwst-mid-infrared-instrument, figure 3

MIRI coronagraphic imaging filter curves – https://jwst-docs.stsci.edu/jwst-mid-infrared-instrument, figure 4

From Mikulksky Archive for Space Telescopes I downloaded raw calibrated .tif data focused about NGC 1365 Great Barred Spiral Galaxy, a double-barred spiral galaxy about 56 million light-years away in the constellation Fornax.

Among all data available I picked-up 3 sessions: a wide field MIRI mosaic by filters f770W, f1000W, f1130W and f2100W, a small field MIRI mosaic by the same filters f770W, f1000W, f1130W and f2100W a small NIRCAM field mosaic by filters f200W, f300M, f335M and f360M.

NGC 1365 JWST MIRI mosaic, filters f770W, f1000W, f1130W and f2100W
NGC 1365 JWST NIRCAM mosaic, filters f200W, f300M, f335M, f360M

M45: Alcione and Merope

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M45: Alcione and Merope, CH-1-CCD – Zoom into the Pleiades

M45 Pleiades

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M45 Pleiades




NGC 1672 Seyfert Galaxy

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NGC 1672 Seyfert type II nucleus galaxy, from CH-1-CCD > Telescoplive .raw data


Astrometry: https://nova.astrometry.net/user_images/7393327#annotated

Telescope Live: https://telescope.live/gallery/ngc-1672-7

Annotated integration by PixInSight

C/2022 E3 ZTF 28, 29/01/2023

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C/2022 E3 ZTF, night between 28 and 29/01/2023. 120″ and 60″ subframes


Astrometry: https://nova.astrometry.net/user_images/7357487#annotated

Starless comet standalone integration: PixInSight, Starnet
White balance parameters by PixInSight > Spectrophotometric Color Calibration

NGC 3324: approaching JWST raw data (.fits) for post-production attempt

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After and according to Warren Keller intro and divulgation paper focused about James Webb Space Telescope raw data availability from MAST Portal, archive named after Barbara Mikulski fulls of tons and tons of data including Hubble Space Telescope’s .fits calibrated frames, I’ve downloaded a couple of sets focused on NGC 3132 and NGC 3324 to begin an attempt of post-processing.

Browsing mast portal is kinda experience within a state of art information retrieval system: filters options permits to produce precise queries for matching desired set of data. 

JWST target session produce .zip archives tagged, among other criteria, by NIRCAM, MIRI and NIRSPEC instrument label. 

According to JWST user documentation

https://jwst-docs.stsci.edu/jwst-observatory-hardware [10/02/2023]

with hardware specifications, and as according to Warren Keller 

https://www.skyatnightmagazine.com/astrophotography/astrophoto-tips/produce-images-using-james-webb-space-telescope-data/ [15/02/2023]

and Nico Carver 

https://youtu.be/DVuonz26P0w [15/02/2023]

suggestions and guidelines about JWST raw data elaboration and post production, most convenient and useful data for an Astrophotographic approach come from NIRCAM sensors and filters. 

NIR camera JWST official documentation guidelines specifies and classifies the following filters wheels clusters:

and resumes microns wavelength of filters set as pictured below :

Cfr: https://jwst-docs.stsci.edu/jwst-near-infrared-camera

and cfr KWST user documentation 


Wavelength and filters label specification, assigned to visible spectrum compass, as confirmed by Keller and Carver tributes, suggests and permits two approach as attempt of post-production and elaboration of JWST NIRCam available data:

  1. a “simplified” RGB or LRGB image integration by channel combination
  2. a “more complex” image integration by available channel combination

An RGB or LRGB approach is “simple” as it consists essentially in identifying proper NIRCAM filter most representative data for RGB channels and integrate them by simple melting channel combination in – for instance – PixInSight: Process > Channel Management > Combination.

NGC 3324 NIRCAM filters available data are f090W, f187N, f200W, f335M, f444W and MIRI f770W, f1130W, f1280W, f1800W. 

MAST portal retrieved data for NGC3324 filter by JWST mission

Letting MIRI data to further investigation, I focused on NIRCAM range records download them all.

Each .zip archives exploded out as follow:

file of interest is the _i2d.fits file, generally speaking the biggest among all records.

Opening it in PixInSight generate 8 preview:

A quick autostretch easily let us identify the proper image which I always found as the first, thus the downer pop-up opened.

In the name of .fits file are indicated which filter belongs to, thus it’s very easy to select.

Among JWST data from NIRCAM records focus about NGC 3324 I thought the lowest and more representative for blue channel could be f090W, whilst f444W for red and middle f335M for green.

Before channel combination I did proceed for a star registration of the whole masters, choosing f444W as reference.

I thus integrated all registered frames in percentile clipping and saved the .xifs integration as luminance.

“Simple” [L]RGB is about to end by:

RGB final integration by Process > Channel Management > Channel Combination

LRGB final integration by Process > All Process > LRGB Combination

About more “complex” 6 channel integration I just stretched very lightly by manual Histogram Transformation and export each filter master registered file as .tiff.

Using luminance as bg layer, I thus imported as layer each filter, according to Carver tutorial in screen mode blending with 50% opacity, by adjustment layer/saturation colorizing and boosting/decreasing saturation and luminance trying to respect NIRCAM wavelenght filters charts; take care to change Image > Mode to RGB from greyscale as very first step after luminance opening in Photoshop.

Finally applying an adjustment/curves layers to each filter and retouching pertinent saturation I try to obtain the most balance and well colored images, imho absolutely subjective pov.

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